Isaiah 36 – Assyrian Invaders Part 1

In Chapter 36, Isaiah begins a new section. Chapters 36-39 give a historical record of events that took place during the reign of king Hezekiah. The events chronicled in chapters 36 and 37 are also documented in 2 Kings 18, 19 and 2 Chronicles 32. This must be an important story or else the Holy Spirit would not have repeated it three times.

Father, give us understanding as we read thy word, in Jesus’ name. Amen.

Isaiah 36
1 Now it came to pass in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah, that Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the defenced cities of Judah, and took them.

Isaiah says Sennacherib took ‘all’ the defenced cities of Judah, but what he really means is all of them except Jerusalem. You may have heard it said, ‘all means all and that’s all all means’. I don’t know who started that but it’s poor exegesis. All does not always mean all. The context determines the meaning.

2 And the king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller’s field.
3 Then came forth unto him Eliakim, Hilkiah’s son, which was over the house, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, Asaph’s son, the recorder.
4 And Rabshakeh said unto them, Say ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence is this wherein thou trustest?
5 I say, sayest thou, (but they are but vain words) I have counsel and strength for war: now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me?
6 Lo, thou trustest in the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt; whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all that trust in him.
7 But if thou say to me, We trust in the LORD our God: is it not he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and said to Judah and to Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar?
8 Now therefore give pledges, I pray thee, to my master the king of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.
9 How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master’s servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen?
10 And am I now come up without the LORD against this land to destroy it? the LORD said unto me, Go up against this land, and destroy it.
11 Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and speak not to us in the Jews’ language, in the ears of the people that are on the wall.
12 But Rabshakeh said, Hath my master sent me to thy master and to thee to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men that sit upon the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you?
13 Then Rabshakeh stood, and cried with a loud voice in the Jews’ language, and said, Hear ye the words of the great king, the king of Assyria.
14 Thus saith the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you: for he shall not be able to deliver you.
15 Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, The LORD will surely deliver us: this city shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.
16 Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me: and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern;
17 Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards.
18 Beware lest Hezekiah persuade you, saying, The LORD will deliver us. Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria?
19 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arphad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?
20 Who are they among all the gods of these lands, that have delivered their land out of my hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand?
21 But they held their peace, and answered him not a word: for the king’s commandment was, saying, Answer him not.
22 Then came Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, that was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
Isaiah 36


If Rabshakeh could have read The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Colossians he may have known he should let his speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt. (Col 4:6) James wrote that the tongue is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison (Jam 3:8). Rabshakeh is a good example of that.

Sennacherib and his henchman, Rabshakeh, are bullies. Some bullies rely purely on intimidation, but in this case, their intimidation campaign cannot be dismissed as an idle threat because they have already conquered Syria, Babylonia, Israel and most of Judah. The Assyrians were notorious for their cruelty. They invented ways of torturing people that it would be a shame to even speak of. Jonah did not even want to see them get saved (Jon 4:2), but God did. His mercy endures forever. (Ps 136)

There are two basic ways to deal with a bully. You can capitulate to the bully’s demands, or you can stand up to him. Hezekiah tried the first method inasmuch as he tried to pay Sennacherib off by bribing him in 2 Kings 18:13-16. As we can see from our text here in Isaiah 36, that did not work out so well. Now Rabshakeh is breathing down his neck and threatening to destroy him. Hezekiah is desperate. He only has one place left to turn. We will see what happens next week.

Father, may we always look to You in times of trouble. The enemy relies on fear and intimidation but we have nothing to fear when we trust You. Your truly are a present help in trouble, in Jesus’ name. Amen.